A Case Study
Holistic design study for helping stray dogs in India
Let's define the problem
India is a home to roughly 35 million street dogs with 17% population growth over last 4 years. Through this study we want to study the problems of street dogs and what can be done from us as humans to help them. The ecosystem is complicated with diverse factors like weather, diseases, laws, human involvement, etc.
Who is impacted by the problem?
What happens when problem occurs?
Hunger, malnutrition, death
Where does the problem occur?
Why does the problem occur?
When does the problem occur?
Overpopulation has been an ongoing problem in local shelters. There are too many street dogs and not enough homes for them. Street animals face numerous problem including health, weather, food, accidents, and even allergies.
Empathy Map for Non-Humans
Taking an anthropomorphized version of ideal Non-Users.
A female Indie Street dog with 2-3 years of age in a semi-urban locality
Food smell around the area
Intimation by pets
Other area dogs
Other street animals & birds
Colony/ society people/ kids
Directions/ Roads/ Paths
Dogs from other areas
Chase other area dogs
Play with each other
Love playing with Sand
Point of view statement (POV)
Millions of street dogs living in urban parts of the country need care. As the population rate is not moderated, what can be done to overcome avoidable obstacles and co-habitat in society?
Let's talk facts
Selling animals in India isn't illegal. Rule is seller should be registered with Animal Welfare Board of the state.
Quikr had 18655 listings under Pet Adoption across India, Source The Mint, July 20.
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, crimes against pets are bailable. However, crimes under Wildlife Act (Tiger, Lions) are non-bailable & include imprisonment.
In 20 years in the city of Mumbai alone, 429 individuals bitten by free-ranging dogs died by rabies, while 1.3 million people were injured.
Different experiences of the dogs in these regions might explain the differential behavior.
India sees 1.75 million dog bites and up to 20,000 cases of rabies annually in India.
In 2018, Karnataka had the second highest rate of rabies deaths in India
I want to keep these points in mind during the course of the study.
What does Media cover?
I saw a lot of fact based news in the favor of humans.
Understanding current mode of adoption
Let's understand the choices and mindset of current pet owners. I took a short survey with 20 existing pet owners. Check out their detailed responses below.
Dog's aging process
Research from RSPCA has shown that the average lifespan for purebred dogs is 11.9 years, with crossbred dogs averaging a longer 13.1 years. This obviously varies from breed to breed and dogs transition through the four stages of their life cycle at different speeds. Dogs go through four stages of the life cycle: puppy, adolescent, adulthood and senior.
I want to understand the aging of dogs and target a stage.
a) Where they need most care. b) Where they suffer most
2-3 weeks puppy starts
to see and hear
Able to stand and move
Need care and direction
Unsafe near traffic
Dependent on pack of dogs
Begins after 6-18 Months
Finds its own food
Faces dominance from
Struggle finding food
Unsafe near traffic
Influenced by pack of dogs
Begins from 2 Years
Does plenty of exercise/walk
Influence other dogs
From 8-10 Years
Disconnects from territory
I'm an indie dog living in a colony somewhere in the city. My favourite food is chicken bones. I love to play with my children. I prefer not to leave my territory. I had 6 puppies, 2 died after 1 week, 1 puppy went away. I live with 3 of them.
with ~12 houses) Jhansi
Dominance of male dogs while getting food
Curing diseases/ itching/ fight-scars
Fear of losing territory
Ecosystem Map Figure 1
Ecosystem Map Figure 2
Have proper facilities
Can take government permissions
Spread across the country
Usually don't take in street dogs
Available in Urban cities
Some are not registered
Can address actual problems
Easy to maintain and scalable
Not permitted by Law
Dogs will not have to move, they can live in the places created in their own territory
Availability of Food
Availability of land
Chances of corruption
App Connecting Pet Shops
Ownership of tasks remains to Pet Shops
Can expand to any number
Actions will always be localized
Adaptability of pet shops
In further case study we will see the best solution possible as per POV statement, based on this analysis.